This report summarizes the result of a research into the employment relationships of new postal service providers. Since the abolition of the postal monopoly and the gradual liberalisation of mail and parcel delivery, the number of companies providing postal services has significantly increased. Due to the fact, however, that postal services had previously been a monopoly market, cross-sector collective agreements do not exist. The former monopolist Österreichische Post AG is, apart from the service law for postal officers, also subject to a company based collective agreement, which applies to newly recruited employees, whereby different collective agreements apply to the competitors. An aggravating circumstance is the fact that in the sector of mail delivery many new competitors are working with subcontractors or self-employed persons.