This week, AK Europa, CEO and other organisations published data and infographics on the number of "external" meetings of DG Trade on the EU-Japan trade agreement between January 2014 and January 2017.
The EU member state vote on the EU-Japan trade agreement is close, but not all interest groups had an equal say when the deal was hashed out. Official figures from the European Commission show that big business had many more meetings with the EU trade negotiators than small businesses, trade unions and other civil society actors did.
Since December 2017, the European Commission has been running a race against time. Its trade department is doing its best to fast-track the approval of a trade deal between the European Union and Japan. While the deal is officially called the EU-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement, the nature of the agreement is far from a genuine partnership: Many interest groups, in Japan and in the EU, have not had an equal say in the negotiations of this deal.
The negotiations for the Japan-EU free trade deal started in March 2013 and concluded in December 2017. Commission files obtained via freedom of information requests show that between January 2014 and January 2017, the European Commission's trade department (DG Trade) had 213 closed-door meetings with lobbyists to discuss the negotiations.
When Corporate Europe Observatory tried to obtain a similar list of meetings for the year 2017, DG Trade refused to publish this information, arguing that the necessary work to provide this list would be too “burdensome” and that the Commission is devoting all of its resources to concluding the negotiations with Japan.
The corporate lobby groups which had by far the most encounters with DG Trade during the negotiations of the trade deal between Japan and the EU (January 2014 until January 2017) are:
- BusinessEurope, the European employers’ federation and one of the most powerful lobby groups in the EU
- European Services Forum, a lobby group of large services companies
- CEEV, the lobby group representing the European and international wine sector. It represents more than 7.000 companies.
- ACEA, the European car lobby
- BDI, the Federation of German Industries, the most powerful voice of German businesses in Brussels
The EU refers to a EU-Japan trade partnership. But looking at who they partner with to facilitate the deal, the only genuine partnership developing is that between EU negotiators and multinational corporations.